Dogs bark to communicate with other canines and their owners, however in some instances the barking can become a nuisance.
Especially a dog barking at night.
Constant barking is bound to get people on edge and cause tension in the neighborhood.
In spite of this you need to know that when your canine barks, he is trying to tell you something.
Before ordering him to cease barking, you need to find out exactly why he is trying to communicate.
If your dog barks at every noise or sight in spite of the context, he is likely to be alarm barking. Canines engaging in alarm barking often have stiffer body language unlike canines barking to greet. Such dogs normally pounce or move 1 or 2 inches forward with every bark. Alarm barking is different from territorial barking in that a canine may alarm bark at sounds or sights in any location and not just when he is defending a territory such as a car, yard or house.
Your dog can bark in greeting. Normally he does this when he sees other dogs or people. Normally he is more relaxed, highly excited and wags his tail. Dogs barking in greeting may also whine.
Your dog may bark at animals or people to get attention or rewards such as toys, food or play.
Dogs bark a lot when people or animals intrude or approach their territories. A dog’s territory includes the region around his home and places he has marked or associated with such as your car and the path you take during walks.
Dogs get anxious when separated from their owners. Anxious dogs not only bark, they may also pace around or engage in destructive behavior
Once you have established the reason why your canine is barking, you are well on your way to managing their behavior.
How To Stop Your Dog Barking At Night
1. Ignore the barking
Ignore the barking of your dog until he stops barking. This means that you do not give him any attention when he is barking. Giving him attention will only reward his noisy behavior. Do not touch him, and avoid talking to him or even looking at him. Eventually he will calm down and stop barking. Now is the time to give him treat as a reward.
Success with this technique involves waiting for as long as it takes for the canine to cease barking. If he is persistent and barks for an hour and you get so upset that you yell at him to be quiet, he will bark for an hour and half next time. You just taught him that if he can bark long enough, you will give him attention.
2. Block sights & sounds that trigger your dog barking at night
To manage territorial and alarm barking, you need to reduce the dog’s motivation as well as the opportunity to defend his territory unnecessarily. Try blocking the dogs ability to see people and animals by putting removable plastic film or spray-based glass coating to obscure the dog’s view of areas that he guards or observes from within the house. In addition you can engage your dog in “quiet” training to teach him to bark only 3-4 times when a person approaches the door or goes by your property and ceasing at your command.
3. Remove the motivation
The dog could be receiving some kind of incentive when he barks. If not, he would stop the barking. Find out what motivation he gets from barking and get rid of it. Avoid giving your canine the opportunity to continue the behavior at night.
4. Exercise your dog
Always ensure that your dog gets sufficient mental and physical exercise daily. Normally a well-exercised dog is a nice dog since he is not likely to keep barking due to frustration or boredom. Exercise usually depends on the dog’s age, breed and health, so get all the necessary information before taking your dog for long walks or engaging him in games.
When all is said and done, if you are unable to control your dog barking at night using the techniques outline above, it may be time to seek professional help. Your dog is your responsibility and you have a duty to do the best to manage barking as well as other related dog issues.