Cancun Mexico is one of the must popular destinations in the Caribbean, famous for the warm and friendly service of its people, dreaming beaches, blue clear waters, luxury hotels, great restaurants, amazing tours and Mayan legacy.
In addition, Cancun is surrounded by beautiful colonial cities and “Haciendas”, as well as small islands ready to be explored, Mayan ruins and mystic “Cenotes” (underground rivers, caverns and sinkholes with fresh, blue and transparent waters where swimming is just magic).
This mix of natural beauties, warm and excellent services, Mexican culture, gastronomy and history, makes Cancun the perfect option for your vacations, business conventions or wedding, as the magical experience is guaranteed.
If you have any doubt about how to spend your time at Cancun, in this travel guide you will find many things to do that worth to be experienced in this paradise: enjoy the beach, take some tours, visit the nearby cities, climb the Chichen Itza Mayan ruins, swim in a cenote, dine in a fine restaurant, do some shopping at the Cancun handicraft markets or malls and go dancing to one of the many discos at the Hotel Zone.
Once you are in Cancun, do not miss any opportunity to have fun, as you will not find any place like this.
Cancun | From the Mayan Cities to the City Today
Cancun had a big importance to the Mayans, due to its privileged location at the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. The Mayans established small cities along this coastline, like Tulum, Coba and Xcaret Mayan ruins, and many others, for fishing and hunting purposes, as well as for commerce and religious reasons.
When the Spaniards arrived to the Mexican Caribbean, on 1526, the Mayans were in a decadence period and soon the Mayan cities were abandoned, leaving behind what we now call the Mayan ruins, and only few small Mayan towns remained in the Yucatan Peninsula.
During XIX century, the area was controlled by pirates, some of them very famous, like Captain Lafitte, and the coast remained with very few habitants.
It was until 70’s when Mexican government noticed the tourist importance of the area due to its natural beauty, weather and culture and started to develop what we know now as Cancun & Riviera Maya.
Cancun City was officially founded on August 10, 1971, but rapidly became into one of the most important Mexican beach destination with world first class hotels and restaurants, as well as exciting tours and theme parks.
Cancun Flora & Fauna | Underwater and Forest Life
In front of Cancun there is the second largest coral reef system of the world, which brings a colorful variety of fishes and other forms of life.
This ecosystem is where the white sands of Cancun come from, accumulating its beauty for many years to get what we see now like a large white and wonderful beach.
The Yucatan Peninsula Forest is low and green all along the Yucatan Peninsula, with a rich number of tropical animals and birds, and it keeps a very large number of “Cenotes”, used by Mayans as a fresh water resource.
There still are huge areas that remain unexplored, and is common to find new Mayan Ruins very often.
Traveling through the Yucatan Peninsula gives a great chance to feel and admire the Mayan atmosphere that still remains at the small towns located along the roads, and puts you in touch with the greatly well preserved forest of the region.
Cancun People | The Mayan Roots
Nevertheless the Spaniard colonization, Mayan culture remained very alive in the people, and even now there are many towns where habitants do not speak Spanish, but Mayan language only.
The Cancun area has a rich and unique variety of artistic handicrafts, and owns one of the most celebrated gastronomy of the world.
It is interesting to know that the majority of people of this zone sleep in hammocks instead of beds, and use many Mayan words when speaking Spanish, due to their culture and history legacy.